James N. Weiss, MD; Koonlawee Nademanee, MD; William G. Stevenson, MD; Bramah Singh, MD, PhD
Ventricular arrhythmias remain the leading cause of death from coronary artery disease. This review summarizes current thinking in several areas relating to the pathophysiology, prognosis, and therapy of ventricular arrhythmias associated with acute and chronic coronary artery disease syndromes. The experimental basis of arrhythmias in the setting of acute myocardial ischemia and chronic myocardial infarction is described, stressing the important pathophysiologic differences between these two conditions. The effects of the autonomic nervous system as a key modulator of ischemic arrhythmogenesis are discussed. Insights, derived from endocardial mapping studies, into the nature of ventricular tachycardia in humans with chronic myocardial infarction are described, including implications for risk stratification and therapy to prevent arrhythmia recurrence. Current therapeutic principles are discussed in the management of ventricular arrhythmias associated with coronary artery disease, including pharmacologic approaches, surgical and catheter ablation, and automatic implantable cardioverting and defibrillating devices.
Weiss JN, Nademanee K, Stevenson WG, Singh B. Ventricular Arrhythmias in Ischemic Heart Disease. Ann Intern Med. 1991;114:784–797. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-114-9-784
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1991;114(9):784-797.
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Print ISSN: 0003-4819 | Online ISSN: 1539-3704
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