Joshua M. Liao, MD; Catharine B. Stack, PhD; Michael E. Griswold, PhD; A. Russell Localio, PhD
Acknowledgment: The authors thank the Annals senior clinical and statistical editors for their input and review of earlier drafts of the manuscript.
Disclosures: Authors have disclosed no conflicts of interest. Forms can be viewed at www.acponline.org/authors/icmje/ConflictOfInterestForms.do?msNum=M17-0196.
Requests for Single Reprints: Joshua M. Liao, MD, Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, 3400 Spruce Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104; e-mail, email@example.com.
Current Author Addresses: Dr. Liao: Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, 3400 Spruce Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104.
Dr. Stack: American College of Physicians, 190 N. Independence Mall West, Philadelphia, PA 19106-1572.
Dr. Griswold: Department of Data Science, University of Mississippi Medical Center, New Guyton Suite G651, 2500 North State Street, Jackson, MS 39216.
Dr. Localio: Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, 635 Blockley Hall, 423 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19104.
Author Contributions: Conception and design: J.M. Liao, C.B. Stack, M.E. Griswold.
Drafting of the article: J.M. Liao, C.B. Stack, M.E. Griswold, A.R. Localio.
Critical revision for important intellectual content: J.M. Liao, C.B. Stack, M.E. Griswold, A.R. Localio.
Final approval of the article: J.M. Liao, C.B. Stack, M.E. Griswold, A.R. Localio.
Statistical expertise: C.B. Stack, M.E. Griswold, A.R. Localio.
Liao JM, Stack CB, Griswold ME, Localio AR. Annals Understanding Clinical Research: Intention-to-Treat Analysis. Ann Intern Med. 2017;166:662–664. doi: 10.7326/M17-0196
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 2017;166(9):662-664.
Published at www.annals.org on 14 March 2017
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