JOHN TAYLOR WATKINS, M.D., F.A.C.P.; ROBERT E. CUMMING, M.D., F.A.C.S.
Strictures of the ureters have been known to the urologist since the early days of ureteral catheterization. In 1902 Howard Kelly expressed the conviction that stricture of the ureter was a very real entity, often leading to mistaken diagnoses and an erroneous conception of the etiology of some renal diseases. It remained for Hunner to prove in them a source of trouble, often quite remote from the lesions per se, hitherto ascribed to disorder or pathology of other structures. Why the ureter, an essential unit in the body's drainage system, lined with a sensitive mucosa and highly vascularized, 30 cm.
WATKINS JT, CUMMING RE. The Significance of Ureteral Stricture in Relation to Abdominal and Other Symptoms. Ann Intern Med. 1928;1:707–728. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-1-9-707
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1928;1(9):707-728.
Nephrology, Urological Disorders.
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