HENRY P. WAGENER, M.D.
A mere catalogue of the changes observed in the retina of patients with hypertension offers little of interest to the internist. The presence of arteriosclerosis or of arteriolosclerosis and its complications, and of retinitis, is universally recognized. From the standpoints of differential diagnosis and prognosis, retinal changes are of definite value. But the most alluring possibilities offered by the retina seem to me to lie in the field of interpretation of the basic pathologic and the pathologicophysiologic changes concerned in the production of hypertensive disease, or, at least, of some of its more serious manifestations.
In my opinion, all of the
WAGENER HP. Retinal Vascular Changes in Hypertension1. Ann Intern Med. ;4:222–226. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-4-3-222
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1930;4(3):222-226.
Cardiology, Coronary Risk Factors, Hypertension, Nephrology.
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