CHESTER S. KEEFER, M.D., F.A.C.P.
One of the ways carcinoma of the esophagus may disguise itself is in the form of a chronic pleural or pulmonary infection. This usually is the result of a perforation of the esophagus into the trachea, bronchi, mediastinum, lung or pleura. In some cases, food or fluid is aspirated into the air passages due to the obstruction of the esophagus, or a necrotic lymph node which is the site of metastases may perforate into both the lung and esophagus producing a fistula. In other cases, the trachea or bronchi may be obstructed due to the invasion of the tumor
KEEFER CS. THE PLEURAL AND PULMONARY COMPLICATIONS
OF CARCINOMA OF THE ESOPHAGUS1. Ann Intern Med. 1934;8:72–81. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-8-1-72
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1934;8(1):72-81.
Esophageal Disorders, Gastroenterology/Hepatology, Hematology/Oncology.
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