G. A. H.
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It is now fairly well established that sodium and potassium, the two principal basic ions present in the body fluids, have a preponderant influence upon the volume and distribution of body water, as well as upon the regulation of osmotic pressure. Approximately nine-tenths of the total osmotic pressure of the body fluids, under normal conditions, is contributed by the dissolved electrolytes. Proteins, urea and other organic substances usually play a distinctly subordinate rôle. As the contribution of the anions to the total osmotic pressure is about equal to that furnished by the bases, and varies with them, fluctuations in the
H. GA. THE MOVEMENT AND DISTRIBUTION OF BODY WATER. Ann Intern Med. 1935;9:806–807. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-9-6-806
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1935;9(6):806-807.
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Print ISSN: 0003-4819 | Online ISSN: 1539-3704
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