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Spinal anesthesia is a form of regional anesthesia, applicable to a relatively large portion of the body. Although it was discovered by Bier, a German, the method was first popularized by Tuffier and Reclus, two Frenchmen. In 1898, Bier had the temerity to have 2 c.c. of a 1 per cent cocaine solution (20 mg.) injected into his own spinal canal to observe its effects. Following this successful experiment, Bier administered a similar dose to his assistant, Schmeiden. In 1899, he reported six operations under low spinal anesthesia. Tait and Coglieri of San Francisco, apparently were the first surgeons in
Spinal Anesthesia.. Ann Intern Med. ;12:1722. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-12-10-1722_1
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1939;12(10):1722.
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