JOHN H. FOSTER, M.D., F.A.C.P.
Although an increased number of cases of hernia of the diaphragm is being recorded, it may be still regarded as a rare condition. A great number of types and varieties and degrees of hernia have been recognized and various attempts at classification have been made, based on anatomy, embryology, etiology, and contents, but it is impossible to distinguish these clinically. Perhaps the most satisfactory method is to consider these all as (1) traumatic or (2) non-traumatic. The traumatic may be divided into (A) indirect, injury resulting from a crushing blow to the chest or abdomen; (B) direct, the result of
FOSTER JH. HERNIA OF THE DIAPHRAGM; REPORT OF TWO CASES1. Ann Intern Med. ;14:2125–2137. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-14-11-2125
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1941;14(11):2125-2137.
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