EZRA V. BRIDGE, M.D.; FRANKLIN M. HENRY, PH.D.; OWEN L. WILLIAMS, M.D.; JOHN H. LAWRENCE, M.D.
The tactical success of certain operations in this war has required aircraft capable of flying in the stratosphere. To keep pace with the accomplishments of the aeronautical engineer, the physiologist has had to study man's tolerance for and means of protecting him from three major hazards of the stratosphere: lack of oxygen, extreme cold, and low atmospheric pressure. The disease produced by exposure to rapid decrease in atmospheric pressure, such as encountered in the ascent of aircraft to high altitude, is called aeroembolism or decompression sickness. The manifestations of this disease are numerous. Armstrong1 has grouped them in order of
BRIDGE EV, HENRY FM, WILLIAMS OL, LAWRENCE JH. "CHOKES": A RESPIRATORY MANIFESTATION OF AEROEMBOLISM IN HIGH ALTITUDE FLYING1. Ann Intern Med. ;22:398–407. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-22-3-398
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1945;22(3):398-407.
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