CECIL JAMES WATSON, M.D., Ph.D., F.A.C.P.; FREDERICK WILLIAM HOFFBAUER, M.S., M.D.
Both sporadic and epidemic jaundice have been generally referred to for many years as "catarrhal" in character. It is well known that this term stems from the early concept of Bamberger1 and Virchow2 of a catarrhal or mucous inflammation of the papilla of Vater, a concept which appears to have been an elaboration, on the grounds of anatomic studies, of the so-called "gastroduodenal catarrh and jaundice" of the earlier Irish clinicians, notably Stokes3 and Graves.4 The earlier literature has been adequately reviewed by Eppinger5 and Lichtman.6 Attention may be called again to the clear statement of Flindt7 in 1890, that
WATSON CJ, HOFFBAUER FW. THE PROBLEM OF PROLONGED HEPATITIS WITH PARTICULAR REFERENCE TO THE CHOLANGIOLITIC TYPE AND TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF CHOLANGIOLITIC CIRRHOSIS OF THE LIVER1. Ann Intern Med. ;25:195–227. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-25-2-195
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1946;25(2):195-227.
Gastroenterology/Hepatology, Liver Disease.
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