BERNARD M. SCHWARTZ; GEORGE H. MCILROY; HARRY A. WARREN
The syndrome of acute mediastinal emphysema following trauma or pulmonary disease has been recognized for many years, but it is only recently that Hamman1, 2 has called attention to the spontaneous occurrence of this condition. Numerous case reports3-18 have been published following his description, but it is still regarded as a rare entity. Recently, moreover, reports of mediastinal emphysema secondary to other conditions have been less common than those of the spontaneous type. This subject is particularly important at the present time because many cases following trauma19 and influenzal pneumonia20, 21, 22 were reported during World War I and undoubtedly
SCHWARTZ BM, MCILROY GH, WARREN HA. ACUTE MEDIASTINAL EMPHYSEMA1. Ann Intern Med. ;25:663–676. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-25-4-663
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1946;25(4):663-676.
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