FERDINAND C. HELWIG; E. C. H. SCHMIDT
Spontaneous hemopneumothorax in the absence of active tuberculosis is relatively uncommon. Hartzell1 in 1942, in an excellent review of the subject, found only 40 cases in the literature and added three of his own. Fatal hemorrhage in spontaneous pneumothorax is even more rare. We have been able to find only 13 such instances on record that were confirmed by necropsy. Moreover, in these patients, postmortem examination not infrequently failed to reveal the origin of the lethal bleeding.
Because of the apparent rarity of fatal cases and since only four of them were studied microscopically, we felt that the report of
HELWIG FC, SCHMIDT ECH. FATAL SPONTANEOUS HEMOPNEUMOTHORAX: REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE AND REPORT OF A CASE1. Ann Intern Med. ;26:608–617. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-26-4-608
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1947;26(4):608-617.
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