KENNETH E. APPEL, M.D., F.A.C.P.
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Modern psychiatry is based on the fundamental contributions of three men. Cannon intensely studied the physiological manifestations and ramifications of emotions. Pavlov conducted ingenious research on the nervous system integrations involved in the process of learning, habit formation, and conditioning. Freud traced the origins of many neurotic illnesses to childhood and infantile experiences and investigated the complex conditionings of the individual in his family life. These conditionings he believed in many instances established the predisposition to neurosis and psychosis.
The family is the primal social relationship. In the interactions of parents and children in the family setting, infants and children
APPEL KE. PSYCHOANALYSIS1. Ann Intern Med. 1948;29:664–670. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-29-4-664
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1948;29(4):664-670.
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