FLOYD T. MCINTIRE, M.D., F.A.C.P.; EDWIN M. SYKES JR., M.D.
The superior vena caval syndrome is due to obstruction of the superior vena cava, bilateral innominate vein obstruction or arteriovenous fistula between the ascending aorta and superior vena cava. This presentation is limited to a discussion of obstruction of the superior vena cava, either partial or complete. It does not include bilateral innominate vein obstruction or arteriovenous communication between the superior vena cava and ascending aorta, unless these conditions are found coincidentally with superior vena caval obstruction. Perfection of technic of angiography, phlebography, venous pressure, and circulation time has stimulated renewed interest in this syndrome. The clinical picture results
MCINTIRE FT, SYKES EM. OBSTRUCTION OF THE SUPERIOR VENA CAVA: A REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE AND REPORT OF TWO PERSONAL CASES1. Ann Intern Med. ;30:925–960. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-30-5-925
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1949;30(5):925-960.
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