ALLEN O. WHIPPLE, M.D.
The justification for present day radical surgery should be determined by the threat of the untreated lesion, the operative risk if radically treated, the life expectancy after operation, and the prospect of comfortable living subsequently. Radical surgery may be curative, but much of it may be only palliative. This of course is true of many forms of medical therapy.
Radical surgery of the past 15 years, and especially that of today, has been made possible by many factors: a better understanding of supportive treatment, blood transfusion, maintenance of fluid, protein and electrolyte balance, improved methods of anesthesia, intelligent use of
WHIPPLE AO. AN EVALUATION OF RADICAL SURGERY FOR CARCINOMA OF THE PANCREAS AND AMPULLARY REGION1. Ann Intern Med. ;31:624–627. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-31-4-624
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1949;31(4):624-627.
Gastroenterology/Hepatology, Hematology/Oncology, Pancreatic Disease.
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