BERNARD HATZ, B.Chem., M.D.
The neuromuscular apparatus of the kidney and its functions in health and in disease have been too long neglected. It has been known for at least 80 years that the ureter exhibits peristaltic waves. Howell in his Textbook of Physiology refers to a study by Engelmann published in Pfluger's Archives in 1869. Keyes9 speaks of the emission of a little jet of urine from the ureter as "perhaps the most picturesque phenomenon observable through the cystoscope." It is not so well known that the kidney calyces themselves exhibit rhythmic peristaltic activity. If they did not, the lower calyces would soon
HATZ B. THE RENAL PERISTALTIC CYCLE AND NEUROMUSCULAR ASPECTS OF RENAL FUNCTION AND THEIR RELATIONSHIP TO DISEASES OF THE KIDNEY1. Ann Intern Med. 1950;32:971–982. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-32-5-971
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1950;32(5):971-982.
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