J. LESTER KOBACKER, M.D., F.A.C.P.
Congenital absence of the gall bladder can be considered a medical rarity, and its observed occurrence has not been sufficient to establish clearly the factors underlying its development nor to determine means of identifying it prior to operation or necropsy. The admirable review of Dixon and Lichtman1 established the known reported cases of the condition as numbering 60 from 1900 to 1945. In 1947 Latimer, Mendez and Hage2 searched out additional cases and added three of their own, bringing the total number to 71. Not all of these presented every criterion of clearly absent gall bladder, yet it may be
KOBACKER JL. CONGENITAL ABSENCE OF THE GALL BLADDER—A POSSIBLE HEREDITARY DEFECT1. Ann Intern Med. ;33:1008–1012. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-33-4-1008
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1950;33(4):1008-1012.
Biliary Disorders, Gastroenterology/Hepatology.
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