WILLIAM S. MIDDLETON, M.D., F.A.C.P.
Medical education had its origin in the priesthood of antiquity. For many generations the shaman, or priest, and the practitioner of the healing art were one and the same individual. Under the Hippocratic oath, the knowledge of the medical skills was imparted only to physicians and to the sons of physicians. Chomel termed this the traditional method of medical instruction. In the evolution of Greek culture, medicine was eventually separated from the priesthood. The first medical school at Alexandria was founded by Alexander of Macedonia. Notable medical figures, as Herophilus, Erasistratus and Galen, trained in this school. With the Roman
MIDDLETON WS. SOME REFLECTIONS ON MEDICAL EDUCATION1. Ann Intern Med. ;34:1457–1462. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-34-6-1457
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1951;34(6):1457-1462.
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