ARCHIBALD C. COHEN; GEORGE C. GLINSKY; GEORGE E. MARTIN, F.A.C.P.; K. I. FETTERHOFF
There are two types of air embolism, differing from each other in the site of entrance of the air, its distribution within the blood vessels, and its effects.1
In arterial embolism, the air enters a pulmonary vein, passes through the left ventricle and reaches systemic arteries on the upper part of the body. A small amount of air can block an important artery completely; so the injection of only a few cubic centimeters of air may be fatal if it reaches a cerebral or coronary artery. If air enters the cerebral circulation—this is common if the head is higher than
COHEN AC, GLINSKY GC, MARTIN GE, FETTERHOFF KI. AIR EMBOLISM1. Ann Intern Med. ;35:779–784. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-35-4-779
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1951;35(4):779-784.
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