BERNARD BECKER, M.D.
Diabetic retinopathy had been recognized by Jaeger in 1855,1 and well described and differentiated, both clinically and pathologically, by Nettleship as early as 1877.2 There ensued a period, however, when no sharp clinical boundaries were defined between this disease picture in the fundus and those attributed to atherosclerosis, hypertension and renal disease. This difficulty was due only in part to the limitations of ophthalmoscopy. More confusing was the frequent association of these disease processes in the same patient and the inadequate laboratory tests available. Moreover, the tendency of clinicians to attribute any retinopathy found in diabetic patients to the diabetic
BECKER B. DIABETIC RETINOPATHY1. Ann Intern Med. 1952;37:273–289. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-37-2-273
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1952;37(2):273-289.
Cardiology, Coronary Risk Factors, Diabetes, Endocrine and Metabolism.
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