T. S. DANOWSKI, F.A.C.P.
In individuals with an efficient circulation, adequate renal function and an effective endocrine system, a variety of adjustments contrives to maintain body water and electrolyte stores quite constant.1a-c It is now generally acknowledged that these mechanisms are no longer normally operative in congestive failure. The increases in body sodium, chloride and water which constitute the edema of congestive failure must be based ultimately on an undue retention of these constituents as taken in the diet. It is appropriate, therefore, to review the evidence which points to etiologic and contributory factors in producing such positive balances of body water and electrolytes.
DANOWSKI TS. ELECTROLYTES AND CONGESTIVE FAILURE1. Ann Intern Med. ;37:453–464. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-37-3-453
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1952;37(3):453-464.
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