CLAYTON E. WHEELER; EDWARD P. CAWLEY, F.A.C.P.; HENRY T. GRAY; ARTHUR C. CURTIS, F.A.C.P.
Gynecomastia has been reported as an accompaniment of certain physiologic states and a wide variety of pathologic conditions. It is the purpose of this paper to (1) define gynecomastia, (2) review the theories concerning its etiology, (3) report the data derived from an analysis of 160 cases of gynecomastia, (4) discuss etiologic possibilities suggested by a study of the 160 cases, (5) point out some of the clinical implications of gynecomastia, and (6) suggest a clinical classification of conditions which may be accompanied by gynecomastia.
Gynecomastia (derived from two Greek words meaning woman and breast) implies a
WHEELER CE, CAWLEY EP, GRAY HT, CURTIS AC. GYNECOMASTIA: A REVIEW AND AN ANALYSIS OF 160 CASES1. Ann Intern Med. ;40:985–1004. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-40-5-985
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1954;40(5):985-1004.
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