PAUL W. CLOUGH, M.D.
The effects of smoking on the heart and circulation have been discussed for many years, often with considerable emotional bias. Although a great deal of work has been done and an extensive literature has accumulated, there is still much difference of opinion as to the degree and even the existence of any ensuing injury.
It is generally agreed that in most subjects smoking accelerates the pulse rate, raises the blood pressure and usually increases the work of the heart. The degree of such changes as well as other disturbances of the circulatory system in different subjects shows great differences which
CLOUGH PW. THE EFFECT OF TOBACCO ON THE HEART. Ann Intern Med. 1956;45:319–325. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-45-2-319
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1956;45(2):319-325.
Cardiology, Coronary Risk Factors, Smoking.
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