THOMAS M. DURANT, M.D., F.A.C.P.; H. M. STAUFFER, M.D.; M. J. OPPENHEIMER, M.D.; ROBERT E. PAUL JR., M.D.
The injection of air into body cavities or tissues is a method that has been used for diagnostic purposes (e.g., perirenal insufflation, Rubin's test, etc.) and also for therapy (e.g., pneumoperitoneum, pneumothorax, etc.). Though these technics have been considered to have real value, each has been fraught with the risk of serious or even fatal accidents from air embolism.1, 2, 3 Some accidents have been reported in the literature, but we have learned about a host of others only through personal communication. The frequency with which air embolism has been observed has varied with different procedures, but has been highest,
DURANT TM, STAUFFER HM, OPPENHEIMER MJ, PAUL RE. THE SAFETY OF INTRAVASCULAR CARBON DIOXIDE AND ITS USE FOR ROENTGENOLOGIC VISUALIZATION OF INTRACARDIAC STRUCTURES(THE SAFETY OF INTRAVASCULAR CARBON DIOXIDE AND ITS USE FOR ROENTGENOLOGIC VISUALIZATION OF INTRACARDIAC STRUCTURES*). Ann Intern Med. 1957;47:191–201. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-47-2-191
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1957;47(2):191-201.
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