GEORGE DERMKSIAN; LAWRENCE E. LAMB, M.D.
Spontaneous pneumothorax at ground level in apparently healthy individuals is relatively innocuous and has a benign course, unless it is complicated by massive collapse of the involved lung, or the development of a tension pneumothorax or hemopneumothorax. In flying personnel, however, the problem is far more serious because of the additional hazards and risks imposed by going to altitude.
The "average" patient who has a spontaneous pneumothorax at ground level usually has a moderate amount of chest discomfort, some dyspnea on effort, and perhaps a cough. He is usually physically able to seek medical advice on his own, and to
DERMKSIAN G, LAMB LE. SPONTANEOUS PNEUMOTHORAX IN APPARENTLY HEALTHY FLYING PERSONNEL1. Ann Intern Med. ;51:39–51. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-51-1-39
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1959;51(1):39-51.
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