JOSEPH P. WHITTLE, M.D.
Pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis was first described adequately in humans by Bang in 1876. It is characterized by the presence of multiple gas-containing cysts in the walls of the small or large intestine and, more rarely, the stomach, mesentery and retroperitoneal structures. In 1952 Koss1 was able to collect 213 cases from the world literature. Since then a number of cases have been reported, but the condition must still be considered to be a rarity.
The following case is reported chiefly because it illustrates the feasibility of establishing this diagnosis by sigmoidoscopic and radiologic means and thereby avoiding unnecessary surgical exploration.
WHITTLE JP. PNEUMATOSIS CYSTOIDES INTESTINALIS1. Ann Intern Med. ;53:395–403. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-53-2-395
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1960;53(2):395-403.
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