THEODORE E. WOODWARD, M.D., F.A.C.P.; FRED R. MCCRUMB JR., M.D.; T. NELSON CAREY, M.D., F.A.C.P.; YASASHI TOGO, M.D.
Pyogenic pericarditis is well known and, in contrast to the benign, nonspecific types, is frequently fatal. Rheumatic carditis is common and readily recognized, as a rule. Myocarditis of viral, rickettsial, granulomatous or nonspecific etiology is less frequent clinically, and may be overlooked. Improved laboratory technics within the last decade have provided more accurate identification of virus diseases, and thereby made possible the detection of specific types of pericarditis and myocarditis.
Jean Corvisart had sufficient vision to describe accurately the natural history of myocarditis when, in 1812, he wrote concerning acute carditis: "Hence this inflammation almost always terminates fatally;
WOODWARD TE, MCCRUMB FR, CAREY TN, TOGO Y. VIRAL AND RICKETTSIAL CAUSES OF CARDIAC DISEASE, INCLUDING THE COXSACKIE VIRUS ETIOLOGY OF PERICARDITIS AND MYOCARDITIS12. Ann Intern Med. ;53:1130–1150. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-53-6-1130
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1960;53(6):1130-1150.
Cardiology, Pericardial Disease.
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