OLIVER S. HAYWARD, M.D.
Three medical textbooks (1-3) illuminate clearly the strife and confusion existing in the practice and teaching of medicine at the beginning of the nineteenth century. All three concern fevers, were written by Englishmen, and were edited by professors in American medical schools. One advocates bleeding, purging, and blistering; one advocates dependence on the healing powers of nature; and one advocates both!
The American "editors" seem not to have altered the text in any way. But all three added footnotes praising, criticizing, or correcting their authors and added long descriptions of American diseases and treatments. One editor, Nathan Smith, added a
HAYWARD OS. The Basis in Sydenham, Rush, and Armstrong for Nathan Smith's Teaching. Ann Intern Med. ;56:343–351. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-56-2-343
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1962;56(2):343-351.
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