IRVING G. KAGAN, PH.D.; DONALD W. RAIRIGH, M.D.; ROBERT L. KAISER, M.D.
Schistosomiasis (bilharziasis), an ancient disease, is a major world public health problem, second only to malaria and tuberculosis. In 1950, an estimated 115 million individuals were affected by this parasitic disease (1); in some endemic areas more than half of the people are infected. The extent to which schistosomiasis contributes to the morbidity and mortality of populations in endemic areas awaits more exact methods of diagnosis and more accurate reporting.
Three species of blood fluke (trematode) produce the disease in man: Schistosoma mansoni, found in the West Indies, northeastern and eastern South America, the Arabian peninsula, and Africa; S. haematobium,
IRVING G. KAGAN, DONALD W. RAIRIGH, ROBERT L. KAISER. A Clinical, Parasitologic, and Immunologic Study of Schistosomiasis in 103 Puerto Rican Males Residing in the United States. Ann Intern Med. 1962;56:457–470. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-56-3-457
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1962;56(3):457-470.
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