WILLIAM FRAIMOW, M.D.; RICHARD T. CATHCART, M.D.
The presence of increased amounts of smooth muscle in the lung is not rare, in itself. In most instances, however, localized areas of smooth muscle hyperplasia have been described, associated with areas of chronic infection. It has been reported in bronchiectasis, abscess formation, syphilitic pneumonitis, tuberculosis, and pneumonitis (1). The occurrence of a generalized form of smooth muscle hyperplasia disseminated throughout the lungs is uncommon. Although first described by Von Buhl (2) in 1872 as muscular cirrhosis of the lung, approximately 25 cases have appeared in the literature since then. These cases have appeared under a variety of names reflecting
FRAIMOW W, CATHCART RT. Clinical and Physiological Considerations in Pulmonary Muscular Hyperplasia. Ann Intern Med. 1962;56:752–764. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-56-5-752
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1962;56(5_Part_1):752-764.
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