WILLIAM R. MCCABE, M.D.
Herodotus1 records the disastrous effects of dysentery on Xerxes' army during the retreat to Persia after the naval engagement at Salamis in 480 B.C. Similarly, clinical material recorded by Hippocrates suggests that he observed both bacillary dysentery and typhoid, and although the latter was not differentiated clinically until the nineteenth century, the death of Alexander of Macedonia has even been attributed to typhoid (1). These records leave little doubt that both salmonellosis and shigellosis can be dated to antiquity. Not only were these infections prevalent in ancient civilizations, but it is tempting to postulate that Moses' directions to
MCCABE WR. Salmonellosis and Shigellosis. Ann Intern Med. ;57:1043–1046. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-57-6-1043
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1962;57(6):1043-1046.
Emergency Medicine, Infectious Disease.
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