R. E. Whalen, M.D.; A. Heyman, M.D., F.A.C.P.; H. D. McIntosh, M.D., F.A.C.P.
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Occlusive disease of the extracranial cerebral vessels is a major cause of cerebral ischemia. Surgical treatment of this disorder is dependent not only on preoperative visualization of an occlusive lesion, but also on the demonstration of the adequacy of blood flow in all of the major arteries of the extracranial circulation (innominate, subclavians, carotids, and vertebrals). Selective catheterization and cinefluorographic visualization of these vessels, using minimal amounts of contrast material, satisfies this need with little discomfort to the patient.
Such studies have been obtained in 27 patients in whom a specially modified catheter has been introduced percutaneously into the femoral
Whalen RE, Heyman A, McIntosh HD. Selective Cinefluorography of the Extracranial Cerebral Circulation.. Ann Intern Med. ;58:710. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-58-4-710_1
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1963;58(4):710.
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Print ISSN: 0003-4819 | Online ISSN: 1539-3704
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