ELLIS HERNDON HUDSON, M.D., F.A.C.P.
For many years I have argued in favor of the view that the endemic nonvenereal forms of treponemal infection were widespread in the past, as they are at present, and that it was simply improvement in personal hygiene accompanying the advance of civilization which wrought the transformation from a childhood to a venereal disease. This is the so-called unitarian (or unicist) concept, which emphasizes the evolutionary relationship of yaws, pinta, endemic syphilis, and sporadic syphilis, and regards them all as varieties of treponematosis, caused by one parasite, Treponema pallidum (1).
Currently, some writers call these 4 syndromes "the treponematoses," a
HUDSON EH. Treponematosis and Anthropology. Ann Intern Med. 1963;58:1037–1049. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-58-6-1037
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1963;58(6):1037-1049.
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