CONSTANTINE L. HAMPERS, M.D.; DAVID PRAGER, M.D.
The occurrence of myoglobin in the urine has been well-established in various conditions. These include severe exercise (1), crush syndrome (2), electric shock (3), arterial occlusion (4), barbiturate intoxication (5), polymyositis (6), Haff's disease (7), McArdle's syndrome (8), regional enteritis (9), infections (10), in the postictal state (11), in muscular dystrophy (12), and with acute alcoholic intoxication (5).
In a certain number of cases no cause can be found, and these necessarily have been classified as "idiopathic." Approximately 60 cases have been reported since 1910 when Meyer-Betz (13) first described this condition. Efforts have been made to better understand this
HAMPERS CL, PRAGER D. Myoglobinuric Myopathy: A Clinical, Histological, and Biochemical Study. Ann Intern Med. ;60:476–485. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-60-3-476
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1964;60(3):476-485.
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