ROBERT F. JOHNSTON, M.D.; RODOLFO V. LOO, M.D.
The association of pleural effusion with ascites has been mentioned commonly in the literature, usually in association with solid ovarian tumors, the Tait-Demons-Meigs' syndrome (1-3) and with hepatic cirrhosis (4-10). Meigs' work, calling attention to the triad of benign ovarian tumor, ascites, and hydrothorax, is well-known. He demonstrated that both peritoneal and pleural effusions could be cured by simply removing the ovarian tumor (1). Meigs, Armstrong, and Hamilton (11) showed that particulate matter was transported from the peritoneal to the pleural space, but not in the opposite direction; they also thought that hydrothorax was probably caused by transfer of ascitic
JOHNSTON RF, LOO RV. Hepatic Hydrothorax: Studies to Determine the Source of the Fluid and Report of Thirteen Cases. Ann Intern Med. 1964;61:385–401. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-61-3-385
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1964;61(3):385-401.
Gastroenterology/Hepatology, Liver Disease.
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