WILLIAM L. WINTERS JR., M.D., F.A.C.P.; R. ROBERT TYSON, M.D.; LOUIS A. SOLOFF, M.D., F.A.C.P.
It has been known since before 1900 that electrical current may have profound effects upon cardiac rhythmicity when passing through the heart. Guyton and Satterfield (1) in a report in 1951 reviewed the few instances in which the clinical application of electrical current used in the presence of ventricular fibrillation restored a normal cardiac rhythm. However, it remained for Zoll (2) in 1952 to imaginatively apply external electric power to successfully treat ventricular asystole by an external, artificial, electrical pacemaker. Since then, rapid advances have been achieved in the mechanics of electric pacemaking as well as in the breadth of
WINTERS WL, TYSON RR, SOLOFF LA. Cardiac Pacemaking: I. Clinical Experience. Ann Intern Med. ;62:208–219. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-62-2-208
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1965;62(2):208-219.
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