Ronald Bayne, M.D., F.A.C.P.; Joseph Z. Csank, M.A.; Justin Ciale, M.A.
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The Department of Veterans Affairs (Canada) has been taxed with the problem of providing care for a group of war veterans who have the following characteristics: (1) an age range from 35 to 55 years, with a history of heavy drinking averaging 20 years; (2) severe social dysfunction manifested by transiency in their relationships with others, including separation from family and friends, job instability, social misbehavior (drunkenness, disorderly conduct), jail records (10% for criminal acts); (3) health deterioration either directly related to drinking such as peripheral neuropathy, liver damage and brain damage, or indirectly related, such as pneumonia and accidental
Bayne R, Csank JZ, Ciale J. An Experiment to Improve the Motivation of Hard-Core Alcoholics.. Ann Intern Med. 1966;64:1178–1179. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-64-5-1178_2
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1966;64(5):1178-1179.
Tobacco, Alcohol, and Other Substance Abuse.
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Print ISSN: 0003-4819 | Online ISSN: 1539-3704
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