J. WARREN HARTHORNE, M.D., F.A.C.P.; W. GERALD AUSTEN, M.D.; HOWARD CORNING, M.D.; JOSEPH J. MCNAMARA, M.D.; CHARLES A. SANDERS, M.D.
The prevalence of symptomatic complete heart block is not known but appears to be increasing with prolongation of life expectancy. Heart block is one of the more common disorders of the heartbeat and is exceeded in frequency only by atrial fibrillation, premature beats, and paroxysmal atrial tachycardia (1). The prognosis with medical treatment varies according to the underlying cause, with an average duration of life after discovery of from 2.5 to 7 years (2, 3). In a series of 100 cases reported by Friedberg, Donoso, and Stein (4) the mortality at the end of 1 year was 50% with an
HARTHORNE JW, AUSTEN WG, CORNING H, MCNAMARA JJ, SANDERS CA. Permanent Endocardial Pacing in Complete Heart Block: Assessment of the Technique and the Advantages in 20 Patients. Ann Intern Med. 1967;66:831–837. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-66-5-831
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1967;66(5):831-837.
Cardiology, Rhythm Disorders and Devices.
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