JEROME H. MODELL, M.D.; FRANK MOYA, M.D.; EARLENE J. NEWBY; BRUCE C. RUIZ; APRIL V. SHOWERS, R.N.
The effect of drowning by total immersion in seawater on the serum electrolytes, blood constituents, and cardiovascular system of dogs was reported by Swann and Spafford (1). In their experiments they reported severe abnormalities in these parameters. The limited data available on human near-drowning victims, although showing trends similar to Swann and Spafford's data, do not show changes of the same magnitude (2). In general, the degree of abnormality of these values in human near-drowning victims would not be considered life-threatening.
In a previous study it was found that the severity of immediate cardiovascular and electrolyte changes secondary to chlorinated
MODELL JH, MOYA F, NEWBY EJ, RUIZ BC, SHOWERS AV. The Effects of Fluid Volume in Seawater Drowning. Ann Intern Med. ;67:68–80. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-67-1-68
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1967;67(1):68-80.
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