CARL S. ALEXANDER, M.D.
Earlier in this century much of clinical medicine in large urban hospitals was concerned with the diagnosis and management of syphilis and tuberculosis. Today, heart disease, cancer, and the complications of acute and chronic alcoholism attract our attention. The toxic effects of alcohol on the liver and brain are, of course, well-known, but less common and less well-known are the effects on skeletal and cardiac muscle.
While the relationship of chronic alcoholism to heart disease was described by von Bollinger (1) in 1884, this was largely ignored while beriberi, originally described in the Orient (2), held the stage. It soon
CARL S. ALEXANDER. Alcohol and the Heart. Ann Intern Med. 1967;67:670–674. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-67-3-670
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1967;67(3_Part_1):670-674.
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