G. C. BERNHARD, M.D.; R. L. LANGE, M.D.; G. T. HENSLEY, M.D.
Three examples of death due to noninfectious aortic insufficiency in a series of 52 patients who had systemic lupus erythematosus are described. Aortic-wall disease was also present. Marked valve-leaflet thinning and central perforations were seen without verrucous endocarditis in two patients at autopsy.
BERNHARD GC, LANGE RL, HENSLEY GT. Aortic Disease with Valvular Insufficiency as the Principal Manifestation of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus. Ann Intern Med. ;71:81–87. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-71-1-81
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1969;71(1):81-87.
Lupus Erythematosus, Rheumatology.
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