David E. Dines, M.D., F.A.C.P.; O. Theron Clagett, M.D.; W. Spencer Payne, M.D.
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Emphysema has been reported to be the cause of pneumothorax in 10% of a large series of patients presenting with spontaneous pneumothorax. Certain pulmonary parenchymal conditions with honeycombing (histiocytosis X, pneumoconiosis, scleroderma, and diffuse interstitial fibrosis) do predispose to spontaneous pneumothorax, but in our experience emphysema by itself does not. In the 10-year period from January 1959 through September 1969, 22,000 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease were examined and treated at the Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Of these, 110 presented with spontaneous pneumothorax, a prevalence of only 0.5%. Although spontaneous pneumothorax is not a common complication in emphysema, it
Dines DE, Clagett OT, Payne WS. Spontaneous Pneumothorax in Emphysema.. Ann Intern Med. ;72:809. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-72-5-809_4
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1970;72(5):809.
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Print ISSN: 0003-4819 | Online ISSN: 1539-3704
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