WAYNE G. MENKE, Ph.D.
Specialization is both a product of and a contributor to the scientific information explosion in medicine. It subdivides both doctor and patient, increases the difficulty of attaining a clear sense of medical identity for students and young physicians, and places additional strain on the traditional doctor-patient relationship. Specialization emphasizes the science of medicine and its rational processes in the treatment of disease and contributes to depersonalization, aggravates patient anxieties, and implicitly encourages quackery. It is probably the major factor disturbing traditional ethical and economic patterns in medicine, and it dominates medical education and research and medical practice, promotes jurisdictional disputes within the profession, and weakens organizational strength and professional power.
MENKE WG. Divided Labor: The Doctor as Specialist. Ann Intern Med. ;72:943–950. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-72-6-943
Download citation file:
Published: Ann Intern Med. 1970;72(6):943-950.
Education and Training, Ethics.
Results provided by:
Copyright © 2018 American College of Physicians. All Rights Reserved.
Print ISSN: 0003-4819 | Online ISSN: 1539-3704
Conditions of Use