Elizabeth E. Force, Ph.D.; Jack VV. Millar, M.D.
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An epidemiological-sociopsychological survey of 50 addicts at D.C. General Hospital's Narcotics Treatment Center tested two general hypotheses: there is a relationship between such social variables as attitudes, motives, and behavior, and narcotics overdose; and there is a relationship between previous overdose experience and precautionary behavior.
Most addicts in the study were aware of the potential fatality of narcotics overdose, yet none were motivated to abstain from narcotics for that reason. Narcotics-craving was the principal motivating force for risk-taking behavior. Failure to exercise precautionary behavior—such as checking heroin purity and adjusting dose taken—was identified as a significant risk factor for overdose.
Elizabeth E. Force, Jack VV. Millar. An Epidemiological and Ecological Study of Risk Factors for Narcotics Overdose. I. Retrospective Study of Addict Attitudes Concerning Narcotics Overdose: Motivation for Behavioral Precaution.. Ann Intern Med. 1973;78:814. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-78-5-814_4
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1973;78(5):814.
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Print ISSN: 0003-4819 | Online ISSN: 1539-3704
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