GEORGE N. AAGAARD, M.D.
Patients with various gastrointestinal diseases have an increased likelihood of developing renal stones either because  the primary disease process adversely affects urine composition and gastrointestinal function (hyperparathyroidism),  the treatment of the gastrointestinal disease leads to increased intake of material that is potentially precipitable in the urinary tract (treatment of peptic ulcer with calcium-containing antacids) (1), or  the gastrointestinal disease secondly leads to alterations in the quantity and composition of the urine.
In the past 10 years several studies have suggested that there is an increased incidence of renal stones in patients with inflammatory bowel disease, particularly those
AAGAARD GN. Renal Lithiasis in Gastrointestinal Disease. Ann Intern Med. 1974;80:550. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-80-4-550_1
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1974;80(4):550.
Gastroenterology/Hepatology, Nephrolithiasis, Nephrology, Urological Disorders.
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