ROBERT D. LINDEMAN, M.D., F.A.C.P.; SOLOMON PAPPER, M.D., F.A.C.P.
The accurate clinical assessment of the individual patient's condition is the first, and often the most difficult, step in successful management of most electrolyte or acid-base disturbances. A number of electrolyte solutions are available to replace deficits of sodium, potassium, calcium, and magnesium. Removal of excess electrolyte generally requires a different therapeutic approach employing such measures as use of physiologic antagonists, agents that decrease intestinal or renal tubular absorption, resin exchangers, chelating agents, and dialysis.
LINDEMAN RD, PAPPER S. Therapy of Fluid and Electrolyte Disorders. Ann Intern Med. ;82:64–70. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-82-1-64
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1975;82(1):64-70.
Endocrine and Metabolism, Fluid and Electrolyte Disorders, Nephrology.
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