STEPHEN L. BERKES, M.D.; SEWELL I. KAHN, M.D.; JOSEPH A. CHAZAN, M.D., F.A.C.P.; SERAFINO GARELLA, M.D., F.A.C.P.
A patient with chronic renal failure exposed to overheated dialysate (50 °C) for 20 minutes developed evidence of delayed and protracted hemolysis, which continued for several days. By contrast, in the only previously reported similar case, sudden gross hemolysis followed by cardiac arrest occurred. It is emphasized that the rapidity and severity of hemolysis due to thermal injury to erythrocytes are dependent upon the duration of exposure and the height of temperature to which extracorporeal blood is exposed. Methods of preventing such incidents and therapeutic approaches are outlined.
BERKES SL, KAHN SI, CHAZAN JA, GARELLA S. Prolonged Hemolysis from Overheated Dialysate. Ann Intern Med. ;83:363–364. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-83-3-363
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1975;83(3):363-364.
Nephrology, Renal Replacement Therapy.
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