ROBERT B. COOPER, M.D.
To the editor: The editorial note "Emergency Management of Acute Pulmonary Edema" (Ann Intern Med 84:488, 1976) explores the relative merits of some recent pharmacologic approaches to cardiogenic pulmonary edema, and the authors state that "morphine and oxygen . . . are still central in the management of acute pulmonary edema secondary to left ventricular failure." This editorial, like most recent discussions of this topic, tends to minimize the less "technical" aspects of treating this disorder.
During medical residency I learned that patient positioning is as important as any other single therapeutic maneuver. I observed that a number of patients
COOPER RB. Care for Pulmonary Edema. Ann Intern Med. ;87:120. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-87-1-120_1
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1977;87(1):120.
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