ARNOLD GASH, M.D.; JOEL S. KARLINER, M.D., F.A.C.P.
There are few studies of the direct physiologic effects of transcendental meditation (TM). Because of the complex interactions between psychophysiologic processes and cardiovascular responses, we have studied the immediate cardiovascular effects of TM in healthy volunteers who are regular practitioners of this technique.
The study population comprised 26 volunteers, aged 22 to 37. Fifteen were women. None had evidence of organic heart disease by history, physical examination, or resting electrocardiogram or echocardiogram. All subjects had been regular practitioners of TM for at least 1 year. The study was done in an echocardiography laboratory, which afforded quiet and private surroundings. Satisfactory
ARNOLD GASH, JOEL S. KARLINER. No Effect of Transcendental Meditation on Left Ventricular Function. Ann Intern Med. 1978;88:215–216. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-88-2-215
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1978;88(2):215-216.
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