H.J.C. SWAN, M.D., PH.D.; WILLIAM GANZ, M.D.
To the editor: The paper "Fatal Pulmonary Hemorrhage After Use of the Flow-Directed Balloon-Tipped Catheter" by Pape and associates in the March issue (1) serves to highlight the single most serious complication of the use of flow-directed catheters.
After publication of a case of fatal pulmonary hemorrhage in a patient with severe mitral-valve disease and pulmonary hypertension by Golden and colleagues (2), we expressed our serious concern that due to the relative simplicity of flow-directed catheterization, users tended to underestimate the potential for serious comlications that pertains to all invasive procedures. In that letter (3), we emphasized the need to
H.J.C. SWAN, WILLIAM GANZ. Complications with Flow-Directed Balloon-Tipped Catheters. Ann Intern Med. 1979;91:494. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-91-3-494_2
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1979;91(3):494.
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